A Modern-Day Witch Hunt

Most people know of the Salem Witch Trials that shook the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and led to the execution of 20 people, and the imprisonment of some 200 more. What you probably don’t know is that witch hunts are not merely a thing of the past, they are going on right now. Where? In Africa? In the Deep South? Try Long Island.

According to Newsday, a woman was fired from her job because, and I quote: “Her fingernails, makeup and clothing apparently made her look like a witch in the eyes of the principal at the Hampton Bays school where she taught reading.” The article then goes on to say that “Albano began removing books from her classroom, such as Shakespeare’s plays and the Goosebumps series, which Berrios claims he disliked because they involve goblins, soothsayers and ghosts. Berrios said the paranormal went against Albano’s born-again Christian beliefs.” That’s right, a principal removed Shakespeare and children’s books because they violated his born-again fundamentalist beliefs.

While, thankfully, no one was hurt or killed in our modern-day take on the Good Old Days of Christian oppression, this does illustrate a crucial point of similarity between the two incidents, more than 300 years apart. Both times, the accusers were members of a fringe religious group that thrived on totalitarian control and the ruthless oppression of those who oppose them (If you want the full story, look no further (yes, I wrote that, a long time ago. No, it’s not really “brief” but it’s shorter than all the other histories of the Religious Right, which are book-length). If you want the short version, read on).

The Puritans who founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony were hardly the poor persecuted souls we know from our history textbooks. In fact, 13 years after the founding of the colony, the Puritan Oliver Cromwell and his Roundheads overthrew and executed the King of England, and established what essentially was a military dictatorship. What was Puritan society like? Well, they don’t call them “puritans” for nothing.

The Puritans were postmillenialists- that is, they believed that if they established a Kingdom of Heaven on Earth, a perfect land, then they can inaugurate the Millenium, the thousand-year reign of Christ, followed by the Second Coming, and the Judgment Day. Thus, they tried to create what they saw as a utopia- and ruthlessly crushed all those who opposed them. They banned theater, games of chance, and all morality was governed by the Church (if you want to see what Puritan society was like, read Hawthorne’s (absolutely horrible) The Scarlet Letter, which, by the way, has an unintended side effect of making the reader suffer along with the heroine, thus giving it even more authenticity). Members of non-Puritan Christian groups, who came to the Massachusetts Bay Colony to escape religious persecution found themselves persecuted worse than they have been in England, often being imprisoned and executed. The colonies of Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and New Hampshire were founded by people fleeing religious oppression of the Puritans. And, of course, they killed witches. In fact, the first execution ever held in the Massachusetts Bay Colony was that of Margaret Jones, an accused witch.

The Puritans declined in influence, and were largely out of power by the mid 1700-s. However, their legacy lived on. One of the most popular misconceptions about the Christian Right, is that it represents the “original” or “true” Christianity. In fact, it is only around 150 years old.

In the second half of the 19th century, America experienced a phenomenon known as the Great Revival. As traditional society met with the forces of modernity, and the beginning stages of industrialization, a strong anti-modernist reaction was the result. Two things in particular aroused their ire- the theory of Evolution, published by Charles Darwin in 1858, and the beginning of the attempts to analyze the Bible from a historical perspective. A man named Dwight Moody, who believed that such vile things could mean only that the world would end soon, developed the theological theory known as premillenianism- that the world has become sinful, and thus the faithful Christians must prepare themselves for the End Days. There will not be a Millenium, achieved by human means; only the Second Coming would achieve that. Before that, all the Christians would be taken bodily into heaven, an event known as the Rapture, whereas all the rest will have to suffer incredible hardships under the Antichrist (read the hugely popular, but very badly written Left Behind series, if you want to learn more). This was a completely new and revolutionary development. It meant that Christians no longer needed to try to make the world better, only to try to convert as many people as possible, to be saved at the last day.

Christian Fundamentalism is not an isolated phenomenon. Similar developments were taking place in both Judaism and Islam. The latter, known as the Salafism (salaffiyah), Wahhabism, or, as “radical Islam” also was created in the mid 19th century. However, neither movement gained real prominence until the 1920s. After the Russian Revolution and the first Red Scare, the national consciousness was rallied against “godlessness,” and the Fundamentalist movement made significant inroads amongst the American public (around the same time, in the Middle East, an Arab tribal leader named Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud made an unholy alliance with the Wahhabist clerics of Mecca and united the people of the Arabian peninsula, thus creating the center of love and tolerance known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia).

The Fundamentalist movement continued to grow in strength during the second Red Scare of the 1950s, growing in power and prominence with every Republican administration. Today, they comprise 55% of all Americans. Now that, ladies and gentlemen, is very, very, scary.

Note: I assume that you’re all familiar with the practices of the Religious Right. If not, drop me a comment, and I’ll tell you (or, simply click here).

About these ads
Published in: on March 15, 2007 at 8:58 pm  Comments (28)  

The URI to TrackBack this entry is: http://historycorner.wordpress.com/2007/03/15/a-modern-day-witch-hunt/trackback/

RSS feed for comments on this post.

28 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. i appreciate your fervor, but you might want to check your historical facts. puritans werent all postmillenialists. many were amillenialists.

    cromwell wasnt the founder of puritanism rather the culmination of their influence. puritans were persecuted for many many years in england and other places.

    puritans (by that name) may not have outlasted the early 1700’s but the great awakening later in that century were begun by a puritan named jonathan edwards.

    attempts to analyze the bible from a historical perspective didnt originate during darwin’s lifetime, but much much earlier. eramus (16th century).

    with all that said, you are right about the religious right. they are psycho sometimes. but sometimes they are right too. but i think if you are presenting this stuff as history you should be sure to have correct facts.

    peter

  2. I was generalizing (and pimping my other work, which goes into far greater details).
    Yes, I’m aware that not all Puritans were postmillenialists, and I never claimed the Cromwell was the founder of Puritanism; but he was a Puritan who imposed his values on England. Yes, one of the leaders of the Great Awakening was Jonathan Edwards, however, but the split between the Old Lights and the New Lights was largely healed, for a while at least, and Puritanism, as a distinct religious movement was greatly diminished (although their influence lived on). And yes, there were earlier attempts to analyze the Bible, but it was the scientific revolution of the end of the 19th century that really popularized it. Hence, my comments about fundamentalism being a specific reaction to that.

  3. Ummm. I don’t know wut is prutinism and wut the era of evolution and the great awaking is help me

  4. Follow these guidelines and you will build that new home with little, or no, problems. florida roofing can help…

  5. UUH WAHHHH OH DADI DOOOOOD IM A WITCH!!!

  6. That’s beyond ridiculous. I don’t think anyone has the right to fire another in a public school setting based on their religious beliefs — this woman should’ve called the ACLU.

  7. this story sux balls!

  8. i think that girl could sue her employer

  9. thats stupid! nobody should get fired from thier job because they look like a witch!!!!!

  10. Some of these comments reflect upon why I hate internet comments. I’m looking at you, Judith.

  11. I don’t think that 55% of the people in the us are fundis. Where did you get that statistic?

  12. i like penises, and i wanna fuck that fired girl

  13. This is interesting, however listing it as “A Modern Day With Hunt” isn’t really classifying your information right, This women was not put on trial soo..it really doesn’t have a whole lot to do with the Salem Witch Trials.

  14. F U JUDITH I’LL BURN BitCH

  15. hey, ima college student and i am writing an essay. does anyone know who wrote this article and whether or he/she is credible? i need to site my sources in MLA format.. thanx..

  16. ur retarted

  17. Jewellery…

    an interesting take on a interesting subject….

  18. I’m a Witch. A real one and I can tell you that “witch hunts” do still happen. I live in a small community in the uk. You’d think that people would be more tolerant of pagans and witchs here,nope they’re not. I’ve lived here for just over a year and I keep myself to myself,a bit of a hermit,am a peaceful loving and compassionate lady and wish no harm to anyone. I have had,eggs thrown at my house,writing scribbled on my house walls and fences,stones thrown at my window. Small vandalism. But worst of all,my children bullied because of what I am. I finally lost my temper this evening as my children were being bullied once again,I threatened the whole neighbourhood with bringing the police and pressing charges against the pigs. I’ve had enough.
    So yes, it really does happen. Thankfully,I’ll be moving to the usa at the end of this year. Hopefully they’re not as ignorant as the british louts.

  19. hy guys ! im doing a presentation on witch hunts and comparing old with the new…
    this really helped !!! :D

  20. I agree with the opinions of this author however all the facts were not presented. This may be a different case but i was just reading an article and it was extremely similar so im going to assume its the same occurrence. Therefore i do have to say that 1. They jury found that she was not fired wrongfully and 2. that she was also a compulsive liar and did not get along with her co-workers which is why she got fired. The administrates may not have agreed with her religious believes but that was not the only reason she was fired.

  21. Its dumd how females were treated and Im glad they stopped

  22. this is gay withches r fake n evrey1 knws that so haha stop claimen to b a withc!!!

  23. this is dumb, if i was that bitch i would cut that principal with them long ass finger nails, kick him in the nuts and hang the mutha fucker like they did 300 years ago

  24. hey guysssss i totallllly lovve this cool story, witch bitch 4 lifeee niggggggg

  25. Can we all agree on one thing. The Scarlet Letter Sucks! A booring piece of liiterary tripe asainged to poor school stundents in an atempt to rob the joy of reading from ones soul.

  26. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on
    the video to make your point. You clearly
    know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to
    your site when you could be giving us something informative to read?

  27. This Helped Me A Lot. Thank You

    Mckenzie

  28. “A Modern-Day Witch Hunt | The History Corner” Automatic Blinds was in fact a wonderful blog.
    If only there were alot more blogs like this amazing one in the actual cyberspace.
    Regardless, thank you for your time, Alta


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.